When you select a region, edits you make only affect the region and don’t touch the rest of your work. This is why selections are important and why Adobe has dedicated NINE different tools to create general to extremely detailed selections. Today, we’ll be going over seven major tools of these nine.
All of these tools can not only select but also deselect, perform intersections, and more after you’ve made your initial selection to help you select your perfect region.
The tools in question are at the top chunk of your toolbar. If you don’t have a toolbar in your setup, go to Window in the top menu and make sure Tools is checked.
Rectangular Marquee Tool
low detail, but fast
The rectangular marquee tool is the standard selection tool found in most programs. It selects everything in its rectangular boundary when you drag and create its size.
Selecting large, boxier chunks of your work. You can’t capture much detail, but it’s a quick and simple tool.
Hold SHIFT to get a perfect square selection.
Elliptical Marquee Tool
low detail, but fast
The elliptical marquee tool is very similar to the rectangular marquee tool, and does the same job except with an elliptical shape. Hold SHIFT to get a perfect circle selection.
Selecting circular objects
Use OPTION/ALT + SHIFT to create a perfect circle from a central point, like so.
MORE PRECISE, AND CREATES MORE ORGANIC SELECTIONS. CAN BE HARD TO CONTROL.
The lasso tool and its family of tools require you to trace out your selection with your mouse. It’s one line of mouse dragging, which means it can be hard to get the exact selection you want.
It’s a quick tool, so organic, rounder shapes whose form you wouldn’t be able to capture with the rectangular and elliptical marquee tools.Often times, the way to go with the lasso tool is do a general selection, then go in pressing SHIFT to add smaller lasso selections for more detail.
Polygonal Selection Tool
SELECTIONS ARE RIGID AND POINTY, BUT YOU HAVE LOTS OF CONTROL
The polygonal selection tool is a more detailed version of the lasso tool that allows you to click the edges of your selection as though you were creating vertices of a polygon. Rather than depending on a shaky hand to trace the object in one stroke, it allows you to create a more steady outline of your object. This is a good tool for rough yet more precise selections.
A more methodical tool that requires you to click out your vertices means it’s good for shapes that have edges and form but aren’t too round (because creating a round edge means you have to click through more vertices)
Note that this is often not as detailed because as a polygon, you have to make lots of vertices to make an edge rounded.
Magnetic Lasso Tool
SMART, QUICK, AND PRECISE.
The magnetic lasso tool is arguably the coolest tool of the lasso family, as it combines normal lasso tool, the polygonal selection tool (you can click to create vertices and lead the selection), and a little bit of the magic wand tool to automatically sense edges and lead the selection around them.
You can manually click vertices like you would with the polygonal selection tool (and can press DELETE if you accidentally create a vertex you weren’t happy with) to lead the tool, but it does most of the work in higher contrast pieces where edges are clear enough for the program to recognize.
Any object with clear, well-contrasted edges.
Magic Wand Tool
quick and smart— you’ll probably use this TOOL the most
Magic Wand does exactly what it sounds like. It’s called a magic wand because it automatically selects pixels of similar colors and can therefore tell where objects start and end. This means you can make some pretty intuitive selections without having to go through the hassle of tracing the region out yourself.
Draw your attention the the cat flag I’m using magic wand on. The clear vector divisions are easily recognized by the tool, and all you have to do is click.
Want to give an object or logo a transparent background? Magic wand the white space and click DELETE.
Quick Selection Tool
flexible and versatile
Quick selection tool uses a brush to paint out selected regions. The regions you select are almost Magic-Wand-tooled, because Quick Selection Tool also senses edges and creates more knowledgeable selections. What makes this tool extremely flexible is the fact that, like a normal brush, you can change the hardness, size, and even the brush itself (to a different shape) to get the exact selection you’re looking for.
Extremely detailed selections, as you can use a brush to really tailor what you want inside and outside the selection.
Complex Selections: Adding, Subtracting, and Intersections
SHIFT: add to your selection. Don’t stress about making a perfectly precise selection the first time around. Instead, create a general selection and SHIFT adding the smaller chunks you missed. This will be more detailed and will likely save lots of time.
ALT: Subtract from your selection. Often times, selection tools like Quick Selection and Magic Wand can get tricked by artifacts in the photo, and accidentally select a chunk it wasn’t supposed to. Instead of starting your selection over again, simply press ALT and select out the extraneous areas.
SHIFT+OPTION/ALT: Take the intersection from your selection. Intersection selection treats the two selections you’re making (the one you’re drawing currently and the one already made) and treats them like a Venn Diagram, only keeping the middle chunk where both of the selections intersect.
These three tools add lots of extra functionality to each selection tool. All tools have this extra flexibility and you can even use several of them in one selection— you could magic wand the larger region, then use the Rectangular Marquee Tool to capture a sharp protruding rectangular shape, then finish off with the Quick Select to clean up the edges of your selection.
Fine Tuning Your Selections: Feathering and Anti-Aliasing
Feathering softens the edge of your selection to create more natural transitions from whatever modifications you make to your selection and the rest of the photo.
- In the menus, (Select > Modify > Feather)
- SHIFT + F6 Feather your selection
You can see the selection soften and round out here. It’s not visible yet, but the actual pixels of the selection have been softened out.
Here, you can see that when I invert and delete what was selected, a soft transition is applied from the picture to the rest of the white background.
Feathering is useful when you’re making adjustments to certain sections, and you want to make it a little more inconspicuous.
Anti-aliasing is a small yet important feature that modifies the edge pixels of the image while you’re selecting to make it more clear to Photoshop where edges start and end.
It does not modify the details of your image, but does make for cleaner selections. Anti-aliasing is a setting found on the Magic Wand, Elliptical Marquee tool, and all tools in the Lasso family. Make sure it’s checked in the top bar when you’re making your selections for a boost in precision.
Selections can snap to rulers, which means if you were to drag a selection close to a ruler, you would see the selection run along the ruler instead of passing over it.
Use OPTION/ALT to create a rectangular/elliptical selection from a central point. You can combine this trick with shift (OPTION/ALT + SHIFT) to create a square or circle from a central point.
SHIFT + F7 to invert your selection. This is helpful when the object you want to select takes up most of the picture, but is difficult to select. You can just make selections of surrounding chunks and invert your selection to have your desired region selected.
Note that SHIFT + (selection tool’s shortcut) will cycle through to the next tool in that group. The selection tools are grouped as follows:
M: Rectangular and Elliptical Marquee Tools
L: Lasso, Polygonal Lasso, and Magnetic Lasso Tools
W: Quick Selection and Magic Wand Tools
Therefore, pressing SHIFT + L while on the Polygonal Lasso Tool will switch to the Magnetic Lasso Tool, and SHIFT + W from Magic Wand Tool will switch you to the Quick Selection Tool.
ESC will quit a selection and give you your previous selection.